Identification and relief of urological obstruction in the setting of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI)

Descriptor

Compliance with NICE guidance 2013 on identifying and relief of urological obstruction in the setting of Acute Kidney Injury

Background

NICE 2013 published imaging and decompression recommendations for patients in the setting of acute renal injury. This was implemented as a result of NCEPOD 2009 findings of poor mortality in this cohort of patients.

The Cycle

The Standard

1.  Patients with no identifiable cause for acute kidney injury who are at risk of urinary tract obstruction require ultrasound within 24 hrs of assessment

2.  Once imaging is performed, immediate referral to urology is recommended if one of the following is present

     (a) pyonephrosis,

     (b) obstructed solitary kidney

     (c) bilateral upper tract obstruction and

     (d) complications of acute kidney injury caused by urological obstruction.

3.  Relief of obstruction is recommended as soon as possible and within 12 hrs of diagnosis

Target

1.  Imaging with CT or ultrasound within 24 hrs of identification of AKI with no identifiable cause - 100%

2. Relief of urological obstruction within 12 hours  - 100 %

Assess local practice

Indicators

Percentage of patients imaged within 24 hrs following identification of AKI with no identifiable cause

Percentage of patients with pyonephrosis, obstructed solitary kidney, bilateral upper tract obstruction ​or complications of AKI caused by urological obstruction.

Percentage of patients decompressed with 12 hrs following identification of urological obstruction.

Data items to be collected

1.  Identify the patients who have undergone CT or Ultrasound for AKI via CRIS

2.  Within this cohort of patients identifiy from reports if any combination of the following is present:

    - pyonephrosis

    - obstructed solitary kidney

    - bilateral upper tract obstruction

    - complications of acute kidney injury caused by urological obstruction.

3. Identify date of admission

4.  Identify date of recognition of AKI and/or signs of infection (raised white cell count and CRP)

5.  Identify date and time for request for imaging (CT or USS)

6.  Identify date and time when imaging carried out

7.  Identify when decompression was carried out following completion of imaging

Suggested number

50

Suggestions for change if target not met

1.  Feedback to stakeholders regarding NICE guidance

2.  Inform clinical teams of the urgency of referral and management in this group of patients via clinical governance sessions.

3.  Re-audit in 6 months

Resources

1.  Access to PACS and RIS

2.  Access to blood results

3.  12 hours of data collection and analysis

References

  1. NICE Acute kidney injury: prevention, detection and management August 2013 . CG[169]. https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/CG169 

  2. NCEPOD Acute Kidney Injury: Adding Insult to Injury (2009) - https://www.ncepod.org.uk/2009aki.html

Editors Comments

Submitted by

Dr K.P. Lim

Co Authors

Published Date

Thursday 9 May 2019